Chihuahua: food, health, hygiene and advice to take care of this dog


It seems that it was yesterday when you were going to look for a puppy that would fill you with joy and now your little Chihuahua is already older. It's a shame that time passes faster>

Conditioning your Chihuahua. As your Chihuahua ages it will be less cold tolerant. Place your bed in a warm place next to the heating outlet or place a warm pad made especially for dogs on your bed so you have a warm place to relax. The heat will also be comforting for joint pain if your Chihuahua has arthritis. Put on a sweater to help keep your body warm when you're wandering around the house. Place ramps or sidewalks next to the sofa or the bed so that your Chihuahua can go up and down especially if you are not nearby.

Keep it active. Keep your older Chihuahua active mentally and physically. If you don't have arthritis or other problems, keep taking him on his daily walks and playing his favorite games. Take it to the usual places like trips to the grocery store or visiting relatives. Experiencing different smells, sounds and places of interest will stimulate your Chihuahua mentally in addition to exercising. Visiting friends with a dog will help your adult macota keep your mood active. You can consider getting a new pet to keep you company. Sometimes a puppy of the breed will preferably encourage an older Chihuahua.

Nutrition. As an older Chihuahuas walks slowly, he will not need the same amount of calories as when they were younger. Not adjusting the diet could cause weight gain and joint and heart problems. You must be alert in case you lose or gain weight. An older Chihuahua may not be able to absorb nutrients as a younger dog does and may begin to lose weight, even if he is eating as usual. Foods that are formulated for older dogs usually counteract this problem by using better quality ingredients in higher concentrations and in forms that are digested more easily. Do not be surprised if your Chihuaha does not eat the new food quickly, as the sense of taste ages will decrease a little, but you can motivate it by including a little low sodium broth in the new food or mixing canned foods with granulated foods.

Increase visits to the veterinarian. Keep in touch with the veterinarian. Your Chihuahua will have to visit him at least twice a year if he is in good health, but he will need more frequent visits if he develops diabetes, any heart disease or another related to age. The veterinarian will probably reduce or eliminate vaccines less rabies and regular visits will allow him to monitor it continuously. At home you can monitor your pet and take note of any changes in behavior or physical. Discuss any concerns, however small, the veterinarian. It is better to be too worried instead of waiting until your Chihuahua's health problem ages>

Everything you should know about Chihuahueño

Cheerful To the full, this puppy that also receives the name of Chihuahuan, is Expressive and very, very affectionate. Known for the great attachment and affection he develops towards his owner, he is fearless and intelligent and will become the center of attention of the house in a very short time.

In another of our articles, we pointed out that this was considered the smallest breed of dogs that exists, its specimens are in addition to the longest-lived, reaching about 15 or 18 years in many cases. Their small size is in no case synonymous with weakness, although as is logical, it makes them prone to be a little more careful with them than you would have with larger dogs, for example in terms of avoiding falls.

These adorable pets owe their name to what they were found in the Chihuahua region. While we are not too clear about certain aspects of the history of this breed, there are many indications that place the Chihuahuan as a descendant of a dog whose name was "techichi" and served as a company to the Toltecs.

From there, it can be said that techichi enters history as early as the ninth century, although there are historians who say that in the Mayan tribe there was a companion pet whose similar traits suggest that this same breed could be.

Going deeper into its history, there are images that were taken in Chichen Itza and that date back to 1530. Even some years before, handmade toys were discovered around Mesopotamia, very similar to the figure of the Chihuahua.

Now, if there is data that accentuates the version that links this little one with Mexico, it is that it can be said that a direct predecessor of the same was found in Casa Grande and that scientific studies showed that the remains were around The 1100 years.

Chihuahua types

Basically, there are two types of Chihuahua dogs, differentiated by their size and by certain physical aspects such as:

  • Chihuahua apple head. Variety more common whose head, as its name indicates, has a blackened appearance, which gives it a tender and sweet appearance. It has two separate and large ears, which it usually has in a straight position. Although his head is large and his eyes bulging, his body is thin and small, at the end of which a small tail that turns on the back appears.
  • Chihuahua deer head. A little larger in size, the shape of its head is much longer and sometimes similar to that of a small deer, hence its name. A little taller and more stylized, they do not lose an apex of the delicacy and charm that they fall in love with.

There are two types of fur: short hair and long hair.

Those of long fur They are characterized by having a straight hair and very soft to the touch, without great tendency to part with it. They are usually the favorites of the followers of this breed because their fur is striking and adds a plus of beauty.

Those of short fur they hardly seem to have hair, although the truth is that they are endowed with a thin and smooth layer of straight hair.

As for its colors, there is a wide range, ranging from white to black, through cream, chocolate and coffee and there are even three colors, predominantly lines and mottled.

As for their facial features We can highlight their truffle a little short and somewhat ruffled, which can be any color. Its snout is short and in profile it maintains a straight line. At its base it is wider and ends up sharpening towards the tip. His lips are tight and clean and his cheeks are not too developed. As for its bite it is level or scissor. His eyes are tremendously expressive, round, large and very dark.

Regarding the tail, the bearing is a remarkable feature in this breed, being in arched, elevated or semicircle movement and with the tip directed towards the spine, balancing the body. In the variety of long hair it is covered with hair forming as feathers and at rest it hangs as a light hook.

His extreme intelligence

Their high cognitive faculties it is possible that they go unnoticed by those who, in a wrong way, tend to associate intelligence with pet size. They love to observe their environment and learn about it, so your behavior has no secrets for them. For this reason, obedience training from puppies is very important to avoid possible future behavior problems.

Your bravery and permanent alertness

To catch a chihuahua “out of play” is not easy because it is in a state of permanent alert, prepared for a quick reaction to the slightest demonstration of a movement or stimulus.

In the same way, their great bravery attracts them, which often leads them to face dogs of a much larger size without presenting any symptoms of fear. In this sense, training is once again important to prevent them from becoming puppies that do not know how to live in harmony with other pets.

What does not fit any doubt is that it is a companion dog that also It is magnificent for surveillance, given his great sense of smell and his developed ear, keys to that state of alertness in which they find themselves.

Your loyalty

Chihuahuans are so loyal to their owners that they can often become too much possessive with them, which contacts their great sense of bravery, which leads them even to compromise their own security in defense of their master. His loyalty is beyond discussion and is obvious in all circumstances.

Its territoriality

You should not be surprised if your little chihuahua shows strong territorial features, because this behavior is common in them. This leads him to not be too comfortable with certain types of visits that he does not consider his trust. In these cases, it will not show its kinder face and could even show a certain degree of hostility, so this aspect must also be corrected through a socialization worked from a puppy.

From all that has been said we can deduce that the chihuahua is not the most recommended dog for a family with small children, because although it is logical there are exceptions, young children are not enthusiastic. This is because this puppy does not like the game too much, so at a given time they can consider the insistence of children as a nuisance. Now, by socializing it correctly as a puppy, you can achieve an acceptable level of coexistence between the children and the little dog.

Another issue for which it is not the most recommended dog in homes with children is because despite the fact that it is a strong dog for its size, its tiny size does not allow it to follow the accelerated pace of children's play, which can reach to stress them This is a factor to take into account given that its dimensions make them some delicate dogs before an abrupt behavior and that they can easily injure you.

On the other side of the coin, the Chihuahua gets along great with adults, so it adapts easily to an owner who lives alone or to a couple of adult owners without children.


Like all miniature breeds, it is highly recommended to feed them with a dry feed of quality indicated for toy dogs. The fact that wet food is not recommended is explained because it is more difficult to digest, so it could cause episodes of diarrhea to your toddler.

You have to know that Chihuahuas are especially sensitive to feed changes So if you decide to change your feed, after consulting with the veterinarian, you should not do so abruptly but gradually to save your pet digestion problems.

It is very important that you control the food portions of your little friend, especially in the case that he is very greedy and has a tendency to gain weight. Do not lose sight of your weight because this breed is very harmful to take weight, not only aesthetically but health.

Not surprisingly, his bone system is more delicate than that of a larger dog and is not prepared to deal with an overweight problem that, moreover, as with people, will be harder to stop once he has gained weight. .

Keeping your chihuahua dog clean and pristine does not require great efforts. He thinks that it is a breed that hardly needs care as far as his hair is concerned, an aspect that is usually the most entertaining in the care of other pets.

Now and of course, there are a number of basic hygiene guidelines that you should observe in relation to these little ones and that they will also positively affect the health and well-being of the rest of the family members, if you take into account that the physical contact that is established with these puppies is very close.

Dental hygiene

Chihuahuas, like the rest of miniature puppies, tend to accumulate a large amount of bacterial plaque and tartar on their dentures, problems that can lead, among other diseases, to an annoying bad breath.

That is why it is necessary to accustom them from puppies to proper dental hygiene that includes toothbrushes, so that your dental health is greater and these little ones do not lose dental pieces prematurely.

Another issue to keep in mind is that to reinforce your dentures it is key that they can to bite, so you must provide toys such as balls, ropes, bones or stuffed animals so they can develop that bite. Tartar is not only damaging tooth enamel but it also causes the accumulation of bacteria that cause bad breath. Mint flavor mouth sprays, manual and electric toothbrushes and toothpastes will be some of your great allies.

Bath and drying

The chihuahua, like the rest of the small breeds, should not bathe too often. Once a month It will be enough for you to keep this little one clean. Use warm water and a specific shampoo for your hair that will be recommended in specialized establishments. To the extent that this breed tends to suffer from the ears, you must ensure that water does not enter them.

Once you take it out of the bathroom, remove the excess water with a towel and apply a dryer taking care not to get it too close to your delicate skin or to use a temperature that is too high.

The shorthaired chihuahuas They do not need any special care in their hair, so it will be enough to occasionally pass them a rubber glove that will shine the mantle.

The long-haired chihuahuas They have to be brushed several times a week. Ideally, do it with a soft brush that does not tear your hair and keep it free of knots.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

Like the rest of the breed of dogs, the health of your chihuahua will depend in part on you submitting it to the vaccination schedule indicated by the veterinarian and treating him with antiparasitic pipettes or collars that keep fleas and ticks at bay, especially in summer.

More common diseases

Small dog breeds can present common health problems. Among the most frequent pathologies that Chihuahuas have to face are the following:

  • Hydrocephalus or water in the brain. This disease is not easy to treat, causing your brain to acquire a dome shape and generating various complications. It is a serious medical condition that can cause blindness, seizures and even dementia.
  • Problems of invertebral discs. It usually occurs in the neck area and makes you walk with difficulty, needing an early diagnosis that indicates the therapy to be applied.
  • Patellar dislocation or dislocation of patella. Dislocation in the knees is due to the fact that the pet cannot control its weight, in which case it is necessary to apply surgery.
  • Retention of baby teeth in puppies. Fangs usually remain. If, after 7 months, these teeth still do not fall, it will be necessary for the veterinarian to remove them with anesthesia.
  • Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Its symptoms include muscle weakness, depression, seizures, tremors, collapse, drowsiness and disorientation. It is usually treated with a specific diet composed of foods rich in carbohydrates and proteins.
  • Eye problems These ailments have to be treated to avoid worsening. One of the most serious diseases that derive from Toxioplasmosis is scleritis, which manifests with an inflammation of the eyeball. They are also prone to conjunctivitis and inflammation of the eyelids that cause bacteria, viruses and ticks.

Finally we could talk about the progressive retinal atrophy as a genetic condition, which cannot be prevented and that causes them to lose sight as a consequence of the degeneration of the retina.

  • The reverse sneeze. It is not dangerous for your pet but it is very annoying. It usually occurs when they drink too fast, momentarily misaligning their palate and producing a sound that resembles sneezing. To relieve it you can massage the area of ​​your neck.
  • Some other pathologies that Chihuahuas can suffer are the Split palate, epilepsy, hemophilia A or heart problems.

How to care for your chihuahua puppy?

Being the smallest dog in the world, they are the most delicate newborn puppies and should be handled with great care and attention. If you assume the responsibility of caring for a Chihuahua on your own, you have to know what you should do in terms of personal care and arrangement.

Very young children and very young puppies may not be the best combination. This breed can easily be injured by a child who cannot properly hold, carry and walk a chihuahua.

How to train it

Its adorable appearance should not make you forget that the Chihuahuas have a strong character that can touch the aggressive if you do not train them in obedience. We start from the basis that it is a small but dominant race that it requires a straight education to get to know the limits and the basic rules of conduct that will achieve a pleasant coexistence.

You have to be present

The most important thing to keep in mind is that this breed is not a dog where you can simply "be there." Owners must be present, committed and willing to devote time to all aspects of care to maintain the health and happiness of their little Chihuahua puppy.

In addition, during the teething stage, a chihuahua can become fussy and for this reason any interaction between the puppy and a child should be closely monitored.

Exercise is important, not just for you

Chihuahuas have a lot of energy, so be sure to play with your puppy and take him for a walk throughout the day so he can release some energy.

But while a daily walk is important to allow a puppy to release repressed energy and is fantastic for socialization purposes, puppies should not be exercised in excess during the first year. Too much effort during this time can interfere with the growth plates. A daily walk, once all vaccinations for puppies have been administered, is recommended for 20 to 30 minutes per day (or 2 shorter walks).

Beware of heights

This breed should not be allowed to jump from the heights. A good rule of thumb is not to allow your chihuahua to jump from any height more than 2 feet (.6 meters). Injuries to the hips or knees may occur more frequently than you think.

Educate him to do his needs out

Because your bladder is small need to leave more frequently than other large dogs, so it is best to take it out the moment you wake up and just before going to bed.

After the meal you should also take him for a walk, thus associating the walk with the moment he must evacuate. As a puppy you should not have access to the rooms to avoid hiding and making your needs anywhere.

Train it for your needs

If there is something you can count on with a Chihuahua puppy, they will have accidents. No matter how many times you take them outside or keep them locked in their cage, there will be times when they will use the bathroom inside the house. Do not punish or scold them for this behavior, but use them to teach them the limits of what is acceptable and what is not. When your Chihuahua puppy has an accident inside the house, say "No" and immediately take them outside for a couple of minutes. Even if they do not use the bathroom while outside, they will still begin to associate with the use of the bathroom.

When you finally see that your Chihuahua puppy does his work outdoors, be sure to give them many compliments followed by a small gift. Positive reinforcement is very useful for training a Chihuahua puppy, and will essentially be your most important tool. If they have problems using the bathroom inside, try to confine them in a room or area of ​​the house where they cannot escape. Puppies like to sneak out to do their business where their owners can't see, so you should take away this option.

Take it to the vet

Schedule a veterinary appointment for your puppy as soon as you can. I may not be very happy with that, but it is definitely the best for him. Ask your veterinarian what vaccines are necessary or recommended.

Some common vaccinations for Chihuahua puppies include canine distemper and parvovirus, both are preventable and highly contagious diseases.

Now that you know the essentials to take care of your Chihuahua puppy, enjoy the great companion you are going to have.

Show yourself dominant

Before the little puppy intends to establish himself as king of the pack, you must establish your domination, otherwise he could become unbearable. Be firm in your decisions and do not hesitate, because if you consent to skip your rules, if only once, you will begin to perceive that it is he who has the reins of the situation.

Avoid being tempted to take it a lot in your arms or carry it in your bag and try to be sociable in his walks with the other dogs and with people. Try to spend as much energy as possible whenever you go out, as it is not true that these types of races do not need physical activity, even if it is moderate.

In winter do not forget that this breed is very susceptible to cold, so textile accessories, such as the coats that many brands design, are ideal for them.

During the walk it is important that you teach him to walk by your side, both to set limits and to avoid any altercation he may suffer. On the way back, continue to build your authority with gestures like entering you first at home while he waits.

Teach him to sit

It is also important to teach him what it feels like to help him calm him down in certain situations or, when you are walking, to avoid a quick escape. You can bring a treat to your nose and raise your hand while you say "Sit" or "Sit" or press your bottom down while pronouncing the same order. Once you get it you must give him his treat and pamper him to associate your order with that gesture.

Educate positive

Always stay away when it comes to educating your chihuahua of aggressive gestures, excessive shouting or hitting him. His sensitivity and fear would come to the surface and if you start to impose too much will defend with barking, aggressiveness and even small bites when you approach.

It is customary for your Chihuahua to also travel with you by car, either by transport, if he is too nervous, or simply attached with the seat belt, to which you will place a harness, if he is calm.

Like dogs and cats

Petyzoo is an Animal Lovers community where you can find all the information about your pets. Do you join us

Enroll your pet and enter the raffle for a fantastic gift every month.