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Unknown author report provided by the Association Jilguericultura Lanúa, and reformatted for by Eloy Parra.

In ointment, never use penicillin-procaine, sprinkle locally.
Powder-tablet 1 tablet of 100,000 IU per 120-130 ml. of drinking water.
In injectable, inject 100 IU per gram of weight for 3 to 4 days.

Streptomycin (Didromycine)
In liquid, 1 ampoule of 2ml. of Didromycine in 13 ml. of water, give one to two times a day, for 3-4 days a drop of this mixture to drink.
Powder give 0.5 g of antibiotic in 1500 ml. of water and put it on to drink.
In injectable, do not exceed 1 mg / day for 3 to 4 days.

In powder dissolve 2 g of powder (150 mg of active product) in 400 ml. of drinking water.
In injectable 1 to 2 mg per day.

Powder 1 gr. of 4% powder per 50 ml. of drinking water.
In injectable 2 to 3 mg daily.

Warning: Whenever tetracyclines are administered, the grit must be suppressed since it inactivates the medication.

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)
Powder 50 mg per 80 to 100 ml. of drinking water.
In injectable 2 to 4 mg day. Chlorotetracycline (Aureamycine).
Powder 1 tablet of 100 mg per 200 to 300 cc. of Boinon water.

Various commercial antibiotic preparations

Here I present a list of the antibiotics that I have used most frequently, keep in mind that administering an antibiotic should be the last resource, or be sure that you really have an infection. Generally, the bird has very marked reddish intestinal handles and the sad eye is not rounded, but almond-shaped or more closed than normal.

Biove Laboratories one drop every 6 hours. Pharmacies

According to veterinary leaflet.

5 grams in a liter of water, stable in water, long-acting, indicated against sustained germs (Psittacosis, protozoa etc.). Pharmacies

1 drop in the beak for 3 days. Pharmacies

Pediatric Augmentin
600 mg in a liter of water. Pharmacies

250 mg in a liter of water, is composed of doxycycline. Pharmacies

1 tablet in a liter of water for 7 days, is a good antibacterial at the intestinal level. Pharmacies

8 cc in a liter of water for 8 days, widely used in case of megabacteria. Pharmacies Recommended. (Note: it is not sold in Spain, but in Italy and in some South American countries).

Ciproc or Septocipro
Pharmacies Or in your case the generic medicine (ciprofloxacin). Administer one tenth of a 250 mg pill. diluted in water for approximately 20 days, in the most severe cases administer a piece of 2 mm. directly to the bird every 5 days together with the treatment in the water. This medicine has been tested very successfully in greengrocers by Majesan.

Diseases of the respiratory system

By drafts or changes of place. A discharge appears in the nostrils, there may be sneezing and fatigued breathing, lack of singing, no breathlessness or noise.
- Arrange the bird in a semi-warm environment and not move it from that place.
- Administer Streptomycin. Pharmacies
- In the water of the drink, spread 3 or 4 drops of Eucalyptus essence on the handkerchief. Herbal shops

CDR Mycoplasmosis
Dejection, bristling pen, hepatitis, respiratory noise, inflamed liver.
- There are specific preparations called anticrd, whose formula includes tylosin tartrate (Tylan). Birdhouses.
- Tabernil Antibiotic. Birdhouses.

Acariatic Asthma
Symptoms similar to CRD, but with the difference that the bird makes a characteristic movement of trying to expel something from the throat, with coughing accesses that produce a characteristic noise, there may be nasal flow, inside the trachea there are small black dots (mites).
Treatment: Put the bird in a plastic bag carefully and spray insecticide for bird mites, complete with Streptomycin or Terramycin in the water.

It can be confused with the CRD, strong cold with nasal flow, scabs are formed with whitish spots in the nostrils and edge of the beak, the scabs give a bad smell, without breathlessness or noise.
- Vitamins A D C, sulfametacin and sulfathiazole in the form of ointments for scabs.
- Erythromycin and Oxytetracycline. Pharmacies

Difficult breathing, sneezing, slow evolution, is usually slowly running out.
- Tylosin and Enrofloxacin (Baytril) both for at least 6 days. Vet.
- Tylosina and Mycosan-t (for pigeons). Veterinarian or Birdhouses.

Small warts on the legs, can also be the beak or the head, very bulky by the posture (s).
- Seripox. Birdhouses.

Digestive diseases

Black stool
Indicates bleeding in the upper parts of the digestive system, motivated by the blood that has fallen into the digestive tract, the cause may be the presence of worms or tapeworms or even very watery bacterial infections.

White stool
It is only urine, it indicates that the bird does not eat anything at all, if they appear stained yellow or green they come from bile pigments, which indicates that the liver is damaged.

Bloody stools
Damage to the final portions of the digestive tract, it is undigested blood, usually coccidosis.

Seeds undigested in feces
It can be motivated by worms or a candida albicans infection.

Watery stools
Stress, Coccidosis, fungi or viral infections.

Bulky stool
Mycosis or infection by bacteria, are normal in females that are raising.

It is common in freshly hunted birds, due to the change in their diet, loss of appetite, intense thirst, feces in the form of diarrhea, embolado, the belly varies from pink to cyanotic, visible intestinal handles, diarrhea, dry sternum.
Use a complex containing tetracycline and chloramphenicol, and administer framicetin directly at the peak (3 drops) for 5 days, 6 days of probiotics and vitamin shock and 2 or 3 more days of treatment. Seridone according to leaflet. Birdhouses.

Hard droppings, the bird reculates to defecate.
Treatment: Castor oil 2 drops in the beak and wet the ass with a cotton ball.

Stool in the form of diarrhea, embolamiento, sad bird, consumes more water than normal.
Treatment: Tetracycline and neomycin, complex B and probiotics. Birdhouses and pharmacies.

Red intestinal handles, black liver, white diarrhea that stains the tail (sticky).
- Chloramphenicol directly at the peak. Birdhouses.
- Framicetin and sulfaquinoxaline, complex B and probiotics in drinking water. Pharmacies
-Tediprima de Estedi SL. Pharmacies
-Tabernil Gentamicin 3 drops in water for 4 days in a row. Birdhouses.
- Bioserine according to leaflet. Birdhouses.

These treatments should last at least 15 days whereby the bird will be quite dejected, provide a complex of amino acids + B complex and probiotics.

Fever, diarrhea, death in maximum 2 days.
Treatment: With Tetracyclines or Enrofloxacin. Pharmacies

Red mites
The agitated mood and the mania of cleaning the skin with the beak denotes its presence, this attack of mites will lead to a state of anemia, thinning and detached wings, usually hide in corners, seedbeds, joints and sticks are colored red and preferably attack at night, on the market there are well prepared powders which are mixed with water and sprayed.

- Insectornis: Powder to mix with very effective water. Birdhouses.
- Tabernil: Spray. Birdhouses.
- Frontlan: Bayer anti-mites. Pharmacies
- Any other wearing Pyrethrins.

We have to watch especially those that are liquid to spray directly on the bird to follow the instructions or dilute with water, since many times they cause itching in the animal that scratches produce baldness, easy to know its cause by becoming very reddish skin the intense itching and scratching that occurs with the beak. There are bald spots in birds, usually due to stress, hormonal changes, or incomplete molts. The best method is to apply on the bare area of ​​the pen, hydrogen peroxide and if this does not work, with a toothpick and once apply Betadine. Pharmacies

Feather Mites
There are different types, living down or feathers, leaving the ugly plumage and split feathers, are easy to fight with sprays.
- Ivomec. 1cc or 1ml in a liter of water. Pharmacies

Red mite: in the innkeepers, corners, on the bird. It feeds on blood.
Acaro of the canyon: interior of the canyons. It nourishes blood and skin.
Bark mites: skin and feather barbulas.
Down mite: skin and feather.

In attacks by mites on the legs, they are usually denoted by scabs or calluses on the fingers as a shoe as a scab, very effective is:
Tabernil ointment. Birdhouses, effective even against insect or mosquito bites.

They appear on the legs and the lack of irrigation gives them a white color, to avoid it we will remove said layer by softening it with warm water and petroleum jelly to subsequently apply a cream that removes these plates.

Scabies of the skin: Subcutaneous tissue.
Scabies of the legs: Scales of the legs.
Plucking scabies: Subcutaneous tissue.

They are given by humidity and lack of lighting (so it is good to sunbathe birds) or by poor hygienic care.

(Watch the old or damp seeds) down, semi-wings, slimming quickly, there may be a kind of asthma, then diarrhea dies for 3 to 5 days. Fumigate with iodized aerosols and add a few drops of potassium iodide in the water.

Difficulty swallowing, thinning, looking at the edges and inside of the beak, small whitish or white-yellowish spots. Apply iodinated glycerin and some complex with vitamin A.
Treatment: Nystatin or Ketoconazole. Pharmacies

Generally in the head, from the eyes back, bald areas, when looking with magnifying glass, small whitish plates are observed. Iodine glycerin and petrolatum.

It is detected by a scab with relief in the beak. Ivomec diluted in the proportion of 1 to 9 in liquid glycerin for 5 or 6 days.

The bird, appears sad, split the grain but do not eat it, has no apparent digestive symptoms, usually due to fungus in the throat for seeds in poor condition.
Treatment: Molcur two drops in the drinker daily for a week. Pharmacies

Dejection, thinning, pale skin, there may be liquid stools with blood, it is a picture of slow evolution.
- Framicetin (4.5g in 20 ml. Of solution) and complex B C and K. Birdhouses.
- Claruzil or Toltrazuril (Baycox) have no toxic effects. Vet
- Coccitaber-N by Hoechst Roussel V. Pharmacies.
- Tabernil Sulfamide according to leaflet 3 drops in the water of the drink for 3 days rest two and continue 3 more days of treatment.
- Bioserine according to leaflet. Birdhouses.
- Seridone as a preventative as per prospectus. Birdhouses.

Uncontrolled or abusive use of Sulfamides can damage the kidney. Always after applying these therapies provide vitamins + probiotics for 7 days. In Andalusia, the use of Sulfaquinoxaline whose trade name is Quinoxalina Syva (tablets) or Quinoxiven (can produce kidney stones) is widespread.
A tablet is diluted in two liters of water, allowed to stand and the next day the birdbaths are filled, we always stir the water well and we are adding, until we see that there are no remains of dust, then we prepare again two liters of water and another pill and so on, it is always as a preventive and I can say that I have friends who have used it for a long time and have no casualties among their birds. Pharmacies

- Hoechst laboratory trisulsol, composed of Sulfaquinoxilone, Sulfametaz and Sulfatien. 1 gr. in 1 liter of water for 2 days. Pharmacies
- Oxitesol plus, 1 tablespoon of tea dissolved in a liter of water, for 5 or 7 days, very effective in cases of diarrhea. Pharmacies In Belgium they are given a preventive product called ESB3% (1 gram per liter of water) plus a Vitamin Complex, but I have not been able to get the first product.

Feather bristling, diarrhea, respiratory distress, nervous problems and death (usually what is called dry). Characteristics: enlarged liver and inflamed intestines.
Treatment: Ciproc. Pharmacies Dark or black liver. The liver appears through the skin as a dark spot, usually due to a bacterial infection or a very fatty diet. Baycox and Baytril together according to the leaflet of both, suppress dark seeds gradually, administer Calcicoline. Vet.

Loss of appetite, thirst, dull feathers, tail movements to try to evacuate the worm.
Treatment: Levamisole (may vomit), Piperazine, Ivermectin (Ivomec).

Internal and external parasites
To alternate all to avoid getting used to a certain one.
- Tabernil Vermicide. 2 drops in the water a single day, repeating at two or 3 weeks if necessary.
- Mebendazole or Albendazole (Ascaris and Tenias, do not give during the change) Personally I use Droncid - for dogs and cats - a quarter of a crushed tablet in the water of the drinking fountain, put it in the morning and remove at night, repeat the same process after 15 days.

Eye disorders

Irritated eyes
Swollen eyes.
- With 2 or 4% boric acid pharmacies.
- Argisol 10% solution pharmacies.
- Poenbioptal drops one every 8 hours. Pharmacies

Eye infections
Terra-Cortril Farmasierra SA. Pharmacies
Ophthalmolose Cusi (Aureomycin). Pharmacies

Obese bird - Hepatitis
Yellow fat in the abdomen, lack of vitality, liver swelling, tiredness and gasping.
Treatment: Suppress fatty seeds (usually dark ones), administer fruit or vegetables, administer choline chloride (20 drops per drinker) can be given daily. There is a treatment consisting of puncturing the chest 1 time a year - 1 line of 100, in 1ml syringes. - Nandrolone Decanoate -, the bird loses weight and fat and song is enhanced. Prescription pharmacies.

Vitamins and food supplements

Vitamin A, Retinol
This vitamin is essential for eyesight and increases resistance to infections, also as antistress, so I always supply an AD3E complex to my birds, since they are all in the handkerchief and this can cause eye problems, cataracts etc. if you cannot sunbathe conveniently, it is especially found in the carrot and the lettuce. Its lack is betrayed by: loss of appetite, weight loss, and exceptionally sores in the mouth and eyes (keratitis).

Vitamin D, Calciferol
It is very good for bones and rickets (beak and soft nails, defective feathers). If you can not sunbathe birds, they always have a vitamin D deficit since it is synthesized directly from the sun's rays.

Vitamin E, Tocopherol
Very good for the function of reproduction and mortality of embryos. Provide males in the mating season. Its absence is denoted by torticollis and retraction of the legs.

Vitamin K, Phyloquinone
Administer whenever there is an anemia. A Coccidosis or Salmonellosis, since they almost always cause bleeding. When Sulfamides are administered, it is convenient to administer a supplement as it lowers its level. Collejas or collejones has a large amount of this vitamin.

Vitamin C, Ascorbic Acid
It is not relevant in birds since its body synthesizes it perfectly. We just have to keep in mind that if Sulfamides are administered, some destroy vitamin C, which means we would have to make a contribution in the form of vegetables or vitamin.

Group of Vitamins B, Thiamine-Lactoflavin-Cobalamin
There are drops of B complex that carry B1, B2, B6, B12. If you want you can supply Dayamineral complex B for sale in pharmacies or beer yeast. They usually affect the nervous system (seizures, leg paralysis) and B12 is anti-anemic. Whenever you give these vitamins you have to change the water from one day to another.

Vitamin H, Biotin
It is transcendental for the pen and the molt.

Vitamin T, Folic acid, Nicotinic acid
Folic acid. Various disorders, usually associated with folic acid to sadness in general or lack of singing, is also associated with feathers.
Nicotinic acid. Known as pp factor. Regulates the digestive system is also an important feathers.

Amino acids
They are essential for good health maintenance, it would be advisable to administer at least once every 15 days.

The match. It regulates the metabolism of calcium, combats rickets, acts as a moderator of the liver, it is essential together with calcium.
The calcium. Its lack causes bone fragility, it is therefore convenient to administer grit.
Magnesium Strengthens the body of infections, regulates digestion and promotes growth.
Sulfur Regulates the liver in reference to food toxins, facilitates nutrition, favors the beauty of the pen, since they have a large composition of sulfur amino acids.

Iodo Ensures a bright plumage.
Manganese. It facilitates the growth and development of bones as well as reproduction.
Iron. It prevents anemia.
Copper. Associated with iron, it stimulates the formation of antibodies to an infection.
Cobalt. Ensures the proper functioning of red blood cells and prevents anemia.
Zinc. Pituitary regulator.

They regulate the intestinal flora of the birds, avoid diarrhea and promote health by strengthening the intestinal flora that acts as a barrier to the immune system, it should always be administered 15 days before and 15 days after the competitions.
- Prolyte. Birdhouses.
- Inflore Bern. Pharmacies

Stimulants of the defenses
They are usually given in treatments with antibiotics.
- Immunoferon or the generic drug (glyphosphopeptical), one tenth of the tablet in the water. Pharmacies

Ways to administer medications

Directly taking the bird in the hand and placing a few drops of the medicine on the edge of the beak, always with the bird on its side or on its side, to avoid choking, the bird will gradually absorb it, the equivalence would be 20 drops equal 1cm solution, there are also pills that can be given directly to the bird, these are always placed behind and on the tongue, helping the animal with a few drops of water.

In water
It is recommended prepare daily the solution, since they lose effectiveness overnight and also because of the effect of light and heat. Administer them in colored glass troughs (green, blue etc.) which allows light to pass through to a lesser extent.

Mixed with food
It is usually done in cases of little urgency (Vitamins, mineral supplements, etc.).

We will perform the puncture in the pectoral mass and not in the leg which can cause a schok, if the injection were venous it would be carried out in the vein that exists in the wing, which is visible to the naked eye and generally in the right wing. We always have to prick the bird so parallel to the chest and not perpendicularly, which generally implies the death of the animal.
Syringes suitable for injectable administration are those used for insulin for doses of 0.05 cc. Needles will be very thin and 1 cm in length and take care that they are sharp that is new.

First steps to receiving a bird

When we catch a bird, the first thing we have to know is that it goes through an enormously stressful situation, for which we will administer an antistress in the water (Lab. Lafi, Lab. Tabernil, Nest etc.). Then we will give you a complex of seeds, as varied as possible, since we subject you to a diet generally different from the one you had in freedom, this is usually the cause of the highest number of deaths among the fringilids. The bird is tending to eat the most fatty seeds (nabina, hemp seed, usually darker in color). Gradually we will expand in the mixture, the clear seeds, birdseed, knob, so that it does not get too fat and we will administer a Probiotic in the water (Prolyte) for a week to avoid the famous diarrhea and consequent loss of fluids that will lead to death.

We will use an external antiparasitic for possible Mites or louse, since there are different ways.

Treatments in the molt

To the bird so that it has a good molt and leaves in optimal conditions for the contest I follow the following process:
The bird is bathed by spraying a water-Insectornis compound and subsequently placed in the Sun, this will motivate the pen to be cupped, the ideal would be to carry out this process of 4 to 6 days.

We will trim the nails and the beak and with a nail file we will review the latter, in order to avoid overclock (oversight), we will apply an ointment on the legs Tabernil acaricide or petroleum jelly, to later take it to a place quiet and preferably in gloom or semi-dark, always in the cage in which it was and covered with the handkerchief, in this way it forces the bird to move faster and all the feathers.

When going to carry out the replacement of food and water, we will first see the long feathers of the wings and then the remaining feathers and the down, we will not remove it from this situation until the bird caspee, that is, leave a kind of dandruff on the floor of the cage that is what covers the birth of the canyons, this can last from 25 to 40 days, depending on the degree of humidity and the bird itself, particularly during this situation and in against many who advocate total peace of mind of the bird, once a week I spray water and put them in the sun for a while, until they dry, this during the 4 or 5 weeks that the molt lasts.

There are birdhouses that force the molt, pulling two long feathers from each wing usually the third and fourth, opening the wing from the outside inwards and those from the tail, as well as a few feathers from the flanks, this can cause a stressful situation for the bird, but I have generally been able to verify that if they are in a time of molting it is true that they quickly begin to move.
Others force molting with hot steam baths or even putting a large crumb of bread soaked in vinegar and placed under the cage rack or spraying them with white wine with a sprinkler above, these methods generally do not have a scientific basis except for the bath of steam, I particularly put a few drops of Espliego essence on the handkerchief.

During the period that the molt lasts, it is convenient to administer in the water, a vitamin shock and amino acids, particularly supply them - Hidropolivit or Daya Mineral with vitamin B- pharmacies -, in drops, both water soluble, together with an amino acid complex .
I also try to give more fat seeds and especially shell grit and charcoal.

Later, when they leave the molt, I carry out the following preparation:
I bathe them again for 6 or 10 baths, with water and mineral salts (Kiko) in order to strengthen the plumage, the bath will last the indispensable time for them to dry in the sun and later they are returned to the singing room.

Subsequently, the following guideline is followed at the drinking fountain:
- First day: I add a quarter of a Droncid tablet to the water (it has to be crushed) for dogs, at the end of the day I remove the water.
- Second day: AD3E complex
- Third day: AD3E complex
- Fourth day: AD3E complex
- Fifth day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Sixth day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Seventh day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Eighth day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Ninth day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Tenth day: vitamin complex and amino acids
- Eleventh day: complex B
- Twelfth day: complex B
- Thirteenth day: AD3E complex
- Fourteenth day: AD3E complex
- Fifteenth day: I add to the water a quarter of a Droncid pill for dogs, at the end of the day I remove the water.

Then I try twice a week to give them the AD3E compound plus a B complex, twice a month I add 20 drops of Calcicoline to the water. Birdhouses.

Currently in France, Belgium Germany etc. they tend to acidify drinking water, to avoid megabacteria, many of whose symptoms are coincident with the so-called - dry - characteristic, is the bluish tone of the beak, diarrhea, ball shape, subsequently death with the sternum in the form of knife. Particularly added to a liter of water, a plug of apple cider vinegar, a year ago that I have not had any case of dry and feces are compact, watch out, the water has to be changed every two days or mold comes out and it can be dangerous .


I need to know how I can treat even a canary that has an inflamed anus, where they can treat it or how to cure it, thanks I will be attentive to your advice.

Thank you my little brother Luis, he gave us a couple of canaries in our gold wedding (50 years) of marriage and we have never had little birds can teach me how we should feed him ho only eat birdseed that something else I can give thanks

You see a veterinarian.

Hi, I have a Canarionque who sponges most of the day, could you tell me if he is sick and what does he have? regards

I have a canary with scabies and it has very long nails so much that it cannot be kept on the stick, because I want to cost the nails but since it has scabies I do not know if it hurts part of that I do not see the vein

Hello, I would like to help me, my canary does not sing for a while but I was vivacious, he is 7 years old now he is very still on the stick as he lies down, he eats a seed with vitamin and sponge cake with color, apple egg, carrot all spaced. The water does not know the name, will it be good to give it water apple cider vinegar well I hope you help me thanks

dear friends and breeders of canaries of all colors - they are the most canary
beautiful that exists in the universe - I have a special room where I have all the
cages that in total are 14 paired with a roof that closes and opens to the sun - right there
I have a common pool and a table - to prepare your food and a used common refrigerator that I bought recently - so there I manage with my canaries - have RED
how is the food I give to my canaries – one day seeds-apples – seeds and
broccoli – champagne seeds and cookies – seeds and tangerine – seed– lettuce– seed and
calabasas – seed and broccoli are 7 days and the water from drums not from the tap and cages well
clean like the sticks where they sit every day and in summer time is
very important - one day to give them pure and exclusive flaxseeds - to reinforce the
feathers that are very nice. — just like in a small carrot bowl — all
days and in this way I have never had problems of any nature.

Jose Florentino Alvarez Cavalieri
mail – alvarez [email protected]

Good morning I have a canary that is a pigeon but I see it a lot with its open beak is normal. Thanks

Hello, good afternoon, what can I do? I have two fluffy canaries, they don't have much time, so I can separate them from the others. Please help me. THANK YOU: (

I have yellow and snowy canaries, my problem is the mosquito, the legs form granites with a lot of blood, you can cut your nails

Hello, I have a new canary with a ring, it seems that it has escaped from a small cage because in my aviary it almost does not fly.
When we inspected him, we realized that he was male and that on the wing he had a kind of huge crust, when he fell to the ground, it was like a pebble. I have cured him and he is with three of his kind. The fact is that this was last night and today Sunday I can not take it to the vet. Will it be contagious? Is it normal for me to eat little?

I have a 2-year-old canary, who does not sing at the moment, in these years he has sung only a month, nor does he tread, he is not changing his plumage, he is happy, he scratches his beak in the bars and makes a noise like flickering with his beak. Which may be. Thank you

Hi, I have a Canarian girl who is pregnant and we had not realized, now she is in a nest but she looks very bad, she has her eyes closed and does not move me at all and her breathing is very devil I need help

I was commissioned 4 cages with 20 canaries, the owner left work. they came from their house, spent two days at another house and then mine, it's cold weather, two nights went well in my house, but the next day they started to die in two days 8 died. What could have happened? They looked cold and a little agitated, spongy. And on the floor of the cage. How sad. I hope it doesn't happen anymore. Veterinarians in my region do not tend birds. Please tell me since there will be more days in my shelter. I tried to take care of them with the indication and that they have no air flow. Thank you.

Hi. Excuse me, I need help, I have canaries. And I don't know how to take care of them as soon as they started having two couples like. Pets since January, I comment that to date between the two couples they have given me twice that they have reproduced, 16 canaries, but these days four have died, and I still see more sick. Only the plumage is sponged, I feel too hot as if they had a fever, I have given them apple cider vinegar in their drinking troughs. But it does not work. . What I can do?

because my canary does not stop and go to the laos as if he had sick legs

I have a canary is pingado that I can aces I don't want him to die

Eye problems and infections.

  • Symptoms: You have swollen eyes, with blemishes or with tears.
  • Prevention: keep the cage sticks clean as they rub their faces. Avoid air currents and smoke environments
  • Treatment: we can alleviate the disease by washing the eyes of the canary with a gauze impregnated in chamomile water, but it persists to consult the specialist.

Muda del plumaje fuera de la época o patológica.

  • Síntomas: encontramos plumas en la jaula, o que el mismo se las quita y además se rasque mucho.
  • Prevención: la temperatura del ambiente no debe de ser muy alta pues podemos estar engañándolo y piensa que es la época de muda, no debemos colocarlo cerca de radiadores o al sol. Mantendremos limpieza para evitar los parásitos e incluso puede ser necesario que fumiguemos la jaula.
  • Tratamiento: consulta al veterinario en el caso de que sea necesario desparasitar.

Heces anormales.

  • Síntomas: pueden ser escasas y duras por lo que hablaríamos de estreñimiento o bien demasiadas y normalmente liquidas que mostrarían una diarrea, o incluso podríamos encontrar el problema en el color y textura, en ese caso podemos estar ante una infección intestinal.
  • Prevención: ofrecerles siempre agua limpia y una buena alimentación sin excedernos en las verduras, cuidar la higiene de la jaula.
  • Tratamiento: en las diarreas, retirar las verduras y observar la mejoría sino acudir al veterinario. En el caso del estreñimiento, aumentar las verduras y cuidar de que la cloaca permanezca limpia.

Rotura o heridas de las alas o las patas

  • Síntomas: son las roturas más comunes, se notan a simple vista y además el canario tendrá dolor.
  • Prevención: no intentar coger nuestra mascota, los pájaros son independientes y no les gusta que les molestemos. Tener la jaula en buenas condiciones, sobre todo las puertas para que no se enganchen.
  • Tratamiento: las heridas las curaremos durante algunos días y las roturas suelen soldar por si solas pero en muchos casos necesitaremos inmovilizar la extremidad, lo más aconsejable es acudir al veterinario.

Enfermedades en las patas

  • Síntomas: rojeces, abultamientos, durezas o ulceras en las patas o en los dedos.
  • Prevención: importantísima la higiene de la jaula y además las uñas de las aves van creciendo con el tiempo y pueden llegar a una largura excesiva por lo que debemos cortarlas periódicamente.
  • Tratamiento: dependiendo del problema pondremos una solución u otra, a veces con unas curas de la zona afectada con agua oxigenada y betadine sería suficiente.


Esta es una enfermedad mortal que ataca a los canaries. Los síntomas que se manifiestan son: plumaje erizado, ave inactiva y decaída. El síntoma más notorio se presenta en los ojos. La mayoría del tiempo estarán cerrados y la respiración será agitada.

Si tu canario tiene Paratifosis, deberás limpiar la jaula diariamente. Además, por cada litro de agua añadirás 2 gr de sulfato de hierro.

Cómo evitar la Paratifosis: Debes cambiar el agua de los pájaros canarios todos los días y lavar la jaula con frecuencia.


Esta es otra de las enfermedades de canarios que se presentan con frecuencia. El estreñimiento hace que el ave no pueda defecar, o disminución de las heces. Habrá que darle al canario lechuga o papilla de lechuga acompañada con otras verduras que contengan mucha fibra.

Cómo evitar el estreñimiento: El estreñimiento se evita fácilmente. Dale de comer frutas y vegetales a tu Canary.

Se da cuando las aves presentan dificultades para respirar o lo hace con arritmia. Para tratar el asma lo mejor será llevar tu Canary al veterinario.

Cómo evitar el asma: El asma se evita haciendo todo lo posible por mantenerlos alejados de los cambios bruscos de temperatura.

Inflamación intestinal

Esta enfermedad afecta al aparato digestivo del ave. Causa que el canario sufra de diarrea y anemia. El tratamiento se hace por medio de antibióticos recetados por el veterinario.

Cómo evitar la inflamación intestinal: La inflamación intestinal se evita dándole a los pájaros canarios alimentos de excelente calidad y evitando la comida en mal estado.


Las corrientes de aire frías causan la bronquitis, la cual afecta al sistema respiratorio de los canaries. Cuando padecen de bronquitis estos abren el pico para respirar debido a que se les dificulta mucho tomar oxigeno. También permanecen inactivos y con los ojos cerrados.

La bronquitis tiene que ser tratada por un médico veterinario. Lo mejor será colocar al canario en un sitio ventilado.

Cómo evitar la bronquitis: Para evitar esta enfermedad respiratoria hay que evitar que el ave se vea afectada por gases, polvo y sustancia irritantes.

Las lombrices afectan a los intestinos de las aves y también es una de las enfermedades de canarios que se presentan con mayor frecuencia. Si las heces del pájaro tiene pequeños puntos blancos puede que este afectado por lombrices.

Los desparasitantes son la mejor opción que tenemos para combatir contra estas entidades.

Cómo evitar las lombrices: Para mantener a raya a las lombrices lo mejor es desinfectar la jaula con agua hervida y vinagre con alguna frecuencia. También limpiar cada uno de los accesorios de tus canaries.

Si el canario está en un ambiente sucio y con mucho polvo se verá afectado por los ácaros. Estos provocarán que pierda las plumas y la piel se hinchará debido a que el Canary se rascará constantemente.

Para eliminar a los ácaros basta con lavar muy bien la jaula y cada uno de los accesorios de la misma.

Cómo evitar los ácaros: Poner al canario en un lugar limpio y libre de polvo resulta vital para que no tenga percance con los ácaros.

Prevención de las enfermedades

Para mantener al canario saludable es necesario consultar al veterinario periódicamente. Las aves son animales muy difíciles de diagnosticar. Lo mejor será no medicar al pájaro según nuestro propio criterio. Esto podría provocar efectos secundario negativos.

Lo que siempre podrás hacer para prevenir las enfermedades de canarios es mantener su jaula muy limpia. Aseala al menos una vez al mes con los productos adecuados para limpieza de jaulas, y no te dejes ninguno de los accesorios que utiliza. Lo recomendado es desinfectar jaula, comederos y bebederos, y todos sus accesorios, cada quince días.

Si tienes más de un canario y ves que uno de ellos se enferma, aísla los otros de inmediato. Así evitarás que las enfermedades o infecciones se contagien.

Falsa muda en canarios

El fenómeno conocido como falsa muda es la pérdida de plumas fuera del tiempo de muda o mudas anormales. Puede ser provocado por cambios bruscos de temperatura, exposiciones prolongadas al sol o, en algunos casos, deberse a la presencia de ácaros.

Para que tu canario se recupere debes prestar atención a su ambiente. Es decir, controla la temperatura y la humedad de la habitación y evita sacarlo al exterior durante unas semanas. Poco a poco observarás cómo va recuperando sus plumas.

Puedes ayudarlo en su recuperación con suplementos vitamínicos o alimentándolo con pasta de cría durante unos días.

Enfermedades respiratorias en canarios

The respiratory diseases afectan de manera muy frecuente a los canarios. Por regla general debemos aislar al canario afectado para evitar contagios entre ellos. The symptom más frecuentes son los siguientes:

  • Embolamiento: el canario ahueca sus plumas porque su temperatura corporal ha descendido y combate así el frío.
  • Ausencia de canto.
  • Estornudos, tos.
  • Secreción mucosa por las fosas nasales.
  • Respiración dificultosa, con el pico abierto.

Entre todas las enfermedades respiratorias que pueden afectar a los canarios destacamos las siguientes como las más frecuentes:

Catarro y afonía

La exposición a corrientes de aire frío y los cambios de temperatura bruscos pueden provocar catarro a tu canario. Puede estar acompañado o no de afonía. Colocarle el agua demasiado fría también puede provocarles afonía, por lo que sírvesela siempre a temperatura ambiente.

Para que el canario se recupere se debe colocar en un lugar cálido y no exponerlo al exterior ni a cambios de temperatura durante unos días. Puedes añadir a su agua de bebida unas gotas de eucalipto o miel con limón.

CDR o enfermedad crónica respiratoria

También conocida como micoplasmosis, esta enfermedad está causada por la bacteria Micoplasma gallisepticum. Provoca muchos problemas a la hora de reproducirse de forma correcta.

Los síntomas son los respiratorios, anteriormente citados, además de un silbido que emite al respirar, de forma constante o no. Si no se trata, puede provocar problemas hepáticos y sinusitis o conjuntivitis.

Consulta a tu veterinario sobre el tratamiento antibiótico más adecuado y respétalo hasta el final. Esta enfermedad es de difícil curación y puede provocar mucho estrés en el animal.

Es una enfermedad que puede confundirse con el CDR. Los síntomas son los mismos que los de un resfriado fuerte pero con una secreción nasal mucho mayor. No hacen ruido ni silbidos al respirar. En el pico se forman unas costras blancas y puede provocar la inflamación de uno o de los dos ojos.

Micosis en canarios

Situar la jaula en lugares mal ventilados, con una alta humedad y con poca luz, puede desencadenar numerosas enfermedades producidas pormushrooms. La mala higiene también contribuye a su desarrollo.

The tiña, candidiasis o la roña son algunas de estas enfermedades desencadenadas por la presencia de hongos. Son enfermedades poco comunes en los canarios pero muy peligrosas si no se tratan.

El mejor método para evitar las micosis en aves es extremar la higiene del aviario. Elige un lugar bien ventilado, con baja humedad y luminoso para situar la jaula. Además, sería conveniente desinfectar y limpiar a conciencia tanto la jaula como los bebederos cada cierto tiempo.

Colibacilosis en canarios

The colibacilosis es una enfermedad bacteriana que provoca diarreas, falta de apetito, cese del canto y apatía. También hace que el canario beba más agua de la habitual.

Puede contagiarse de un canario a otro, por lo que es muy importante separar al canario afectado en cuanto se detecte la enfermedad. Con antibióticos y complejos vitamínicos se recuperará en unos días.

Parásitos en canarios

Los parásitos pueden afectar a tu canario tanto de forma interna como externa. The ácaros pueden situarse en su garganta y provocar síntomas similares a los producidos por problemas respiratorios (CRD). El canario deja de cantar, estornuda y ladea su cabeza hacia los lados, sacudiéndose. También pueden afectarle parásitos digestivos (coccidiosis, tricomoniasis) que les provocan anemia, anorexia y heces anormales.

Existen numerosos parásitos externos que pueden afectar a las plumas de los canarios de diferente manera. Un ejemplo son los lice and the ácaro rojo. Estos parásitos debilitan progresivamente a nuestro pájaro. El canario se encuentra agitado, acicalándose continuamente y pudiendo llegar a producirse calvas en el plumaje. Si no se eliminan acabarán provocando anemia al animal. Puedes leer "Piojos en los canarios- Prevención y tratamiento" para descubrir cómo tratar las infestaciones de piojos.

Se debe desinfectar la jaula y limpiar correctamente el bebedero y comedero con un producto desinfectante adecuado y sin el canario dentro. Consulta a tu veterinario sobre cuál es el más adecuado para tu pájaro.

Gota en canarios

The drop es una enfermedad de las articulaciones provocada por una mala alimentación. Aunque no es muy habitual en canarios, generalmente se produce por un exceso de proteínas y déficit de verduras en la dieta.

Se produce una acumulación de ácido úrico que forma cristales en las patas y provoca daños en el riñón. De esta forma, al canario le cuesta articular correctamente las patas.

Puedes lavar sus patas con glicerina yodada y consultar a tu veterinario sobre el tratamiento más adecuado y cómo puedes mejorar su alimentación.

Avitaminosis en canarios

The deficiencia o falta de vitaminas importantes puede derivar en problemas más serios. La cantidad que se necesita de cada vitamina es mínima, y debemos asegurarnos de que nuestro canario goza de una buena alimentación y de tiempo de exposición al sol. Las vitaminas más importantes para los canarios son las siguientes:

  • Avitaminosis A: la vitamina A es fundamental para la vista y el sistema inmunológico. Pájaros poco expuestos al sol pueden presentar carencias de esta vitamina. Se produce pérdida de apetito, calvicie y en casos graves llagas en ojos y boca.
  • Avitaminosis B: provoca vértigo, el pájaro se cae, afecta al sistema nervioso.
  • Avitaminosis D: la falta de exposición al sol provoca déficit de esta vitamina. Provoca cojeras, raquitismo y otros problemas en los huesos.

Estas deficiencias pueden tratarse con complementos vitamínicos que normalmente se administran por vía oral en el agua de bebida. Otras vitaminas pueden encontrarse en suplementos para la época de celo o de muda.

Si quieres saber más sobre la alimentación del canario, no te pierdas nuestro artículo.

This article is purely informative, at we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Enfermedades más comunes en los canarios, te recomendamos que entres en nuestra sección de Prevención.